Akshaya Tritiya, also known as Akha Teej, is an auspicious Hindu festival celebrated across India and Nepal. The term “Akshaya” means “eternal” or “never diminishing” while “Tritiya” means “third day” as the festival is celebrated on the third day of the Hindu month of Vaishakha. This festival is celebrated by Hindus and Jains with great zeal and enthusiasm as it is believed that any good deed done on this day will bring endless prosperity and good fortune.
In this article, we will delve into the significance, history, rituals, and customs associated with Akshaya Tritiya, and how it is celebrated in various parts of India.
Significance of Akshaya Tritiya
Akshaya Tritiya is considered to be one of the most significant days of the year as it is believed to bring good luck, prosperity, and success to those who perform good deeds on this day. It is believed that any new venture or investment made on this day will be fruitful and successful. Many people buy gold, silver, or other precious items on this day as it is believed that it will bring them good fortune.
History and Legends
There are many legends associated with Akshaya Tritiya. One of the most popular legends is that of Lord Krishna and Sudama. It is said that Sudama, a poor Brahmin, went to meet Lord Krishna with a handful of beaten rice as a gift. Lord Krishna was pleased with his humble gift and blessed him with endless prosperity and wealth. Since then, people believe that any gift given with a pure heart on Akshaya Tritiya will bring endless prosperity and good fortune.
Another legend associated with Akshaya Tritiya is that of the Pandavas. It is believed that the Pandavas received the Akshaya Patra, a bowl that could provide unlimited food, on this day from Lord Krishna during their exile in the forest.
Rituals and Customs
On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, people wake up early in the morning, take a bath, and wear new clothes. They visit temples and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi for wealth and prosperity. Many people observe a fast on this day and perform puja to seek the blessings of the gods.
Another important custom associated with Akshaya Tritiya is charity. It is believed that any act of charity done on this day will bring endless blessings and good fortune. People donate food, clothes, money, and other essential items to the poor and needy.
Celebrations in Different Parts of India
Akshaya Tritiya is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm in different parts of India. In some parts of India, people take a dip in the Ganges river and offer prayers to the sun god. In other parts of India, people buy gold or silver jewelry, coins, or bars on this day as it is believed that it will bring them good fortune.
In Tamil Nadu, Akshaya Tritiya is celebrated as “Akshaya Tritiya Parvai” and is considered an auspicious day to start new ventures or investments. People buy gold, silver, or other precious items on this day and offer it to their deities.
In Odisha, the festival is known as “Amla Navami” and is celebrated by offering prayers to Lord Jagannath and performing puja at the Jagannath Temple in Puri.
Akshaya Tritiya is a festival of prosperity, good fortune, and new beginnings. It is a day to perform good deeds, seek the blessings of the gods, and start new ventures or investments. The festival holds great significance for Hindus and Jains across India and Nepal, and is celebrated with much joy and enthusiasm. The festival reminds us to be grateful for what we have and to share our blessings with others. It also encourages us to embark on new ventures and to have faith in our abilities and in the blessings of the gods.
FAQs About Akshaya Tritiya
What is the best time to perform puja on Akshaya Tritiya?
The best time to perform puja on Akshaya Tritiya is during the muhurat, which usually falls between 5:38 AM and 12:18 PM.
Is it necessary to buy gold or silver on Akshaya Tritiya?
No, it is not necessary to buy gold or silver on Akshaya Tritiya. The festival is more about performing good deeds and seeking the blessings of the gods.
Can non-Hindus celebrate Akshaya Tritiya?
Yes, non-Hindus can also celebrate Akshaya Tritiya as it is a festival of prosperity and good fortune.
What are some traditional dishes prepared on Akshaya Tritiya?
Some traditional dishes prepared on Akshaya Tritiya include rice, dal, and payasam.
How do Jains celebrate Akshaya Tritiya?
Jains celebrate Akshaya Tritiya as “Varshi Tapa” and observe a day-long fast. They also perform puja and donate food, clothes, and money to the poor and needy.