Ambubachi Mela: Celebrating the Divine Menstruation of Goddess Kamakhya

Ambubachi Mela
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Ambubachi, also known as Amavati in various regions, is a major annual Hindu festival deeply rooted in scriptural legends. It celebrates the yearly menstrual cycle of Goddess Kamakhya, the presiding deity of Assam’s Kamakhya Temple and a manifestation of Mother Shakti. This period is considered highly auspicious as it symbolizes the creative and nurturing energy of Mother Earth, which becomes accessible to devotees during the monsoon rains.

Festival Dates and Observances

This year, Ambubachi began on June 22 and will conclude on June 25. During this time, the main entrance to the Kamakhya Temple is closed to devotees for three days, reflecting the traditional menstrual seclusion observed by women. It is believed that Goddess Kamakhya rests during these three days, and special pujas are held to honor her.

Astrological Significance

Astrologically, Ambubachi coincides with the new moon following the sun’s transition into the sign of Gemini. There are specific guidelines and prohibitions to observe during this period for optimal results. Scriptures provide detailed instructions on actions to avoid and rituals to perform during this time.

Rituals and Prohibitions

Worship Guidelines

  • Worship of one’s Gurudev or Guruma is recommended during Ambubachi.
  • It is advised to cover the idol of the goddess with a red cloth.
  • Auspicious activities such as weddings, household pujas, and chores should be avoided.
  • Tree planting and mining are prohibited during Ambubachi.

Specific Prohibitions

  • Refrain from worshipping with mantras; instead, light incense and remember your deity.
  • Avoid cultivating crops, buying or selling houses or land, and injuring snakes.
  • Travel should be avoided unless absolutely necessary.

Charitable Acts

  • Feeding Brahmins during Ambubachi is believed to fulfill one’s wishes.
  • Donating fruits to three poor individuals is also a recommended practice.

Ambubachi Mela

The Ambubachi Mela is a vibrant festival that attracts thousands of devotees to the Kamakhya Temple in Assam. Despite the temple’s closure during the menstruation period, the grounds around the temple become a hub of spiritual activity. Devotees participate in rituals and seek blessings, believing in the powerful, transformative energy of the goddess during this time.

Ambubachi is more than just a festival; it is a profound celebration of the divine feminine energy and its vital role in creation and nurturing life. Observing the guidelines and prohibitions during Ambubachi is believed to bring harmony and prosperity, aligning devotees with the powerful energies of Goddess Kamakhya and Mother Earth.

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